It's important to make sure you collect all the information you need to cite a source as you gather your information so that you won't need to look it up again, so:
Library databases provide citations that you can copy and past into your works cited list. For other sources you'll need to create a citation by hand or with the help of a citation generator, like the ones below. Note that the citations from databases and the generators often contain errors. Check your citations against the library's handout or a reputable source like Excelsior OWL guide before submitting them.
To write a research paper, you need information and facts from sources like books, articles, videos, interviews, and Web sites... to support your own ideas or to help you develop new ones.
Citing these sources in your work is essential to:
This three-min. video from The Harness Library illustrates why it's important for you to cite your sources. Watch, Learn, and Enjoy!
Cite all outside sources!
1. Citing is required every time you:
2. Where to Cite:
This quote appears exactly as it does in Joanna Santa Barbara's article on child-rearing in the Encyclopedia of Violence Peace and Conflict.
“Adjusted data from seven U.S. surveys between 1968 and 1994 show a decline in approval of disciplinary spanking from 94% to 68%, or 26 percentage points in 26 years” (Santa Barbara 243).
Tip: Use direct quotations selectively. In fact, the MLA Handbook advises you to quote only those words, phrases, lines, and passages that are particularly interesting, vivid, unusual, or apt.
Example showing the information above wrote in the author’s own words.
Studies show that Americans are becoming more critical of the concept of spanking children. Between 1968 and 1994 the so-called “approval rating” of spanking children dropped from 94% to 68% (Santa Barbara 243).
Distillation of the main idea of the original information.
Studies have shown that Americans just don't approve of spanking like they used to (Santa Barbara 243).
Format: margins, font, page numbers, line spacing, titles, headings, etc.
Bibliography: Cumulative list of all sources used in your research.
In-text citation: Citation of sources, within the body of your paper, informing readers about the incorporation of someone else's words/research/ideas..
Citations present researchers with a set of strict rules....not vague guidelines. Accuracy and precision are vital to the citation process. Always check your work carefully to ensure you've followed all conventions, including font styles, capitalization, punctuation, alphabetization, and format concerns.