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APA Style Guide: Websites


Material Type           In-text Citation              Reference                                                        

When citing websites; cite books, journals, magazines, and newspapers the same as you would a print source, then add a retrieval statement. The retrieval statement says Retrieved from Do not end the reference with a period as readers may think it is a portion of the URL. The URL you use should be to the home page of the website rather than the direct URL to the article or book. 

Online book

(Nevitte, 1996).

Nevitte, N. (1996). The decline of deference: Canadian value change in cross-national perspective. Retrieved from                                  

Online newspaper article

(Bolivar, 2011).


Bolivar, L. (2011, January 13). Treasure coast bird count shows decline of species unable to adapt to urbanization. TC Palm. Retrieved from

Online journal article (MacLeod, 2009).

MacLeod, A. J. (2009). On integer relations between the area and perimeter of Heron triangles. Forum Geometricorum, 9, 41-46. Retrieved from


Non-periodical/non-book webpage (The Kodish Group, 2008).

The Kodish Group. (2008). Teeth whitening services. Retrieved from

Give the direct URL when citing a single webpage.

Non-periodical/non-book website ("Dental Technology," n.d.).

Dental Technology Center. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Give the URL to the website's homepage when citing more than one page of a website.

Blog posting (Christina, 2011). Christina. (2011, January 12). {New year} projects to keep me on my toes! [Web log post]. Retrieved from